Aging into Medicare among a senior food pantry population: An assessment of food security, health, and food pantry use over time

We examined the association of Medicare eligibility with food security and food pantry visiting patterns among senior (aged ≥60 years) food pantry clients in Dallas, Texas. We used data from the pantry linked to electronic health records (EHR) from a safety-net healthcare system.

Examining experiences of food hardship and SNAP enrollment among near-old and older Americans: A multi-method approach

This project examines reasons why food insecure older adults in the U.S. are under-enrolled in SNAP and why this pattern varies among older adults of different ages. Conventional wisdom suggests several explanations that discourage participation, ranging from older adults’ preferences to program limitations. We examine the topic with two approaches.

The impact of nutrition assistance programs on food insecurity among older adults

Using administrative data from Georgia covering January 2018-August 2020, we estimated the effect of services provided through the Older Americans Act (OAA) and the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) on food insecurity among older Georgians. Our sample included those who received services prior to and during the COVID-19 pandemic. For the entire sample period (i.e., pre-COVID and during COVID), we found home-delivered meals and other OAA services reduced food insecurity by roughly 3% and 4%, respectively.

A comprehensive evaulation of the impact of SNAP on the health of seniors

Senior participation in the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) has traditionally been lower than other groups, with historical estimates below 50 percent. We examine the relationship between state SNAP policy changes occurring over the 2001-2014 period and SNAP participation as well the relationship between SNAP participation and a variety of health-related outcomes for senior and non-senior households.

Food Insecurity among seniors: The role of social insurance

The goals of this program of research are to estimate (1) the sociodemographic predictors of food insufficiency among seniors ages 60 and older and (2) the causal impacts of Social Security, Medicare, and Medicaid on food insecurity and/or insufficiency among seniors. I use data from the Health and Retirement Study (HRS), Current Population Survey (CPS), National Health Interview Survey (NHIS) and American Community Survey (ACS).

Food insecurity and the senior-specific food security infrastructure

This project explores the correlates of geographic and temporal variation in food security using data from the 2008 to 2018 Current Population Survey’s Food Security Supplements.  The focus is on the relationship between State-level availability and accessibility of congregate and home-delivered meal programs, as well as the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP), the Senior Farmer’s Market Nutrition Program(SFMNP) and the Commodity Supplemental Food Program(CSFP) on food security among lower-income households headed by older adults (ages 60 and up).  Results show some e

Food insecurity among older adults in the US: The role of mortgage borrowing

Housing wealth is the primary source of wealth for many older adults, particularly those with lower incomes, who are more at risk of severe forms of economic hardship such as food insecurity. For housing wealth to directly improve food insecurity, it first must be liquefied. Understanding the role of housing wealth requires careful consideration of home equity and mortgage borrowing.

Food hardship during the Covid-19 pandemic and Great Recession

I compare the extent of food hardships in the United States among all adults, and separately for seniors, in the two decades before and during the onset of the Covid-19 Pandemic. The data come from the 2001-2019 December Supplements of the Current Population Survey, as well as the newly released Census Household Pulse Survey. The results indicate that food insufficiency among all adults increased three-fold during the Covid period compared to 2019, and more than double that observed during the Great Recession.